This is an archive, please visit for current posts.
PressThink: Ghost of Democracy in the Media Machine
Recent Entries
Like PressThink? More from the same pen:

Read about Jay Rosen's book, What Are Journalists For?

Excerpt from Chapter One of What Are Journalists For? "As Democracy Goes, So Goes the Press."

Essay in Columbia Journalism Review on the changing terms of authority in the press, brought on in part by the blog's individual--and interactive--style of journalism. It argues that, after Jayson Blair, authority is not the same at the New York Times, either.

"Web Users Open the Gates." My take on ten years of Internet journalism, at

Read: Q & As

Jay Rosen, interviewed about his work and ideas by journalist Richard Poynder

Achtung! Interview in German with a leading German newspaper about the future of newspapers and the Net.

Audio: Have a Listen

Listen to an audio interview with Jay Rosen conducted by journalist Christopher Lydon, October 2003. It's about the transformation of the journalism world by the Web.

Five years later, Chris Lydon interviews Jay Rosen again on "the transformation." (March 2008, 71 minutes.)

Interview with host Brooke Gladstone on NPR's "On the Media." (Dec. 2003) Listen here.

Presentation to the Berkman Center at Harvard University on open source journalism and NewAssignment.Net. Downloadable mp3, 70 minutes, with Q and A. Nov. 2006.

Video: Have A Look

Half hour video interview with Robert Mills of the American Microphone series. On blogging, journalism, NewAssignment.Net and distributed reporting.

Jay Rosen explains the Web's "ethic of the link" in this four-minute YouTube clip.

"The Web is people." Jay Rosen speaking on the origins of the World Wide Web. (2:38)

One hour video Q & A on why the press is "between business models" (June 2008)

Recommended by PressThink:

Town square for press critics, industry observers, and participants in the news machine: Romenesko, published by the Poynter Institute.

Town square for weblogs: InstaPundit from Glenn Reynolds, who is an original. Very busy. Very good. To the Right, but not in all things. A good place to find voices in diaolgue with each other and the news.

Town square for the online Left. The Daily Kos. Huge traffic. The comments section can be highly informative. One of the most successful communities on the Net.

Rants, links, blog news, and breaking wisdom from Jeff Jarvis, former editor, magazine launcher, TV critic, now a J-professor at CUNY. Always on top of new media things. Prolific, fast, frequently dead on, and a pal of mine.

Eschaton by Atrios (pen name of Duncan B;ack) is one of the most well established political weblogs, with big traffic and very active comment threads. Left-liberal.

Terry Teachout is a cultural critic coming from the Right at his weblog, About Last Night. Elegantly written and designed. Plus he has lots to say about art and culture today.

Dave Winer is the software wiz who wrote the program that created the modern weblog. He's also one of the best practicioners of the form. Scripting News is said to be the oldest living weblog. Read it over time and find out why it's one of the best.

If someone were to ask me, "what's the right way to do a weblog?" I would point them to Doc Searls, a tech writer and sage who has been doing it right for a long time.

Ed Cone writes one of the most useful weblogs by a journalist. He keeps track of the Internet's influence on politics, as well developments in his native North Carolina. Always on top of things.

Rebecca's Pocket by Rebecca Blood is a weblog by an exemplary practitioner of the form, who has also written some critically important essays on its history and development, and a handbook on how to blog.

Dan Gillmor used to be the tech columnist and blogger for the San Jose Mercury News. He now heads a center for citizen media. This is his blog about it.

A former senior editor at Pantheon, Tom Englehardt solicits and edits commentary pieces that he publishes in blog form at TomDispatches. High-quality political writing and cultural analysis.

Chris Nolan's Spot On is political writing at a high level from Nolan and her band of left-to-right contributors. Her notion of blogger as a "stand alone journalist" is a key concept; and Nolan is an exemplar of it.

Barista of Bloomfield Avenue is journalist Debbie Galant's nifty experiment in hyper-local blogging in several New Jersey towns. Hers is one to watch if there's to be a future for the weblog as news medium.

The Editor's Log, by John Robinson, is the only real life honest-to-goodness weblog by a newspaper's top editor. Robinson is the blogging boss of the Greensboro News-Record and he knows what he's doing.

Fishbowl DC is about the world of Washington journalism. Gossip, controversies, rituals, personalities-- and criticism. Good way to keep track of the press tribe in DC

PJ Net Today is written by Leonard Witt and colleagues. It's the weblog of the Public Journalisn Network (I am a founding member of that group) and it follows developments in citizen-centered journalism.

Here's Simon Waldman's blog. He's the Director of Digital Publishing for The Guardian in the UK, the world's most Web-savvy newspaper. What he says counts.

Novelist, columnist, NPR commentator, Iraq War vet, Colonel in the Army Reserve, with a PhD in literature. How many bloggers are there like that? One: Austin Bay.

Betsy Newmark's weblog she describes as "comments and Links from a history and civics teacher in Raleigh, NC." An intelligent and newsy guide to blogs on the Right side of the sphere. I go there to get links and comment, like the teacher said.

Rhetoric is language working to persuade. Professor Andrew Cline's Rhetorica shows what a good lens this is on politics and the press.

Davos Newbies is a "year-round Davos of the mind," written from London by Lance Knobel. He has a cosmopolitan sensibility and a sharp eye for things on the Web that are just... interesting. This is the hardest kind of weblog to do well. Knobel does it well.

Susan Crawford, a law professor, writes about democracy, technology, intellectual property and the law. She has an elegant weblog about those themes.

Kevin Roderick's LA Observed is everything a weblog about the local scene should be. And there's a lot to observe in Los Angeles.

Joe Gandelman's The Moderate Voice is by a political independent with an irrevant style and great journalistic instincts. A link-filled and consistently interesting group blog.

Ryan Sholin's Invisible Inkling is about the future of newspapers, online news and journalism education. He's the founder of and a self-taught Web developer and designer.

H20town by Lisa Williams is about the life and times of Watertown, Massachusetts, and it covers that town better than any local newspaper. Williams is funny, she has style, and she loves her town.

Dan Froomkin's White House Briefing at is a daily review of the best reporting and commentary on the presidency. Read it daily and you'll be extremely well informed.

Rebecca MacKinnon, former correspondent for CNN, has immersed herself in the world of new media and she's seen the light (great linker too.)

Micro Persuasion is Steve Rubel's weblog. It's about how blogs and participatory journalism are changing the business of persuasion. Rubel always has the latest study or article.

Susan Mernit's blog is "writing and news about digital media, ecommerce, social networks, blogs, search, online classifieds, publishing and pop culture from a consultant, writer, and sometime entrepeneur." Connected.

Group Blogs

CJR Daily is Columbia Journalism Review's weblog about the press and its problems, edited by Steve Lovelady, formerly of the Philadelpia Inquirer.

Lost Remote is a very newsy weblog about television and its future, founded by Cory Bergman, executive producer at KING-TV in Seattle. Truly on top of things, with many short posts a day that take an inside look at the industry.

Editors Weblog is from the World Editors Fourm, an international group of newspaper editors. It's about trends and challenges facing editors worldwide. keeps track of developments from the British side of the Atlantic. Very strong on online journalism.

Digests & Round-ups:

Memeorandum: Single best way I know of to keep track of both the news and the political blogosphere. Top news stories and posts that people are blogging about, automatically updated.

Daily Briefing: A categorized digest of press news from the Project on Excellence in Journalism.

Press Notes is a round-up of today's top press stories from the Society of Professional Journalists.

Richard Prince does a link-rich thrice-weekly digest called "Journalisms" (plural), sponsored by the Maynard Institute, which believes in pluralism in the press.

Newsblog is a daily digest from Online Journalism Review.

E-Media Tidbits from the Poynter Institute is group blog by some of the sharper writers about online journalism and publishing. A good way to keep up

Syndicate this site:

XML Summaries

XML Full Posts

April 22, 2008

"Where's the Business Model for News, People?"

It’s remarkable to me how many accomplished producers of those goods the future production of which is in doubt are still at the stage of asking other people, “How are we going to pay our reporters if you guys don’t want to pay for our news?”

This was originally published at the Britannica Blog as Newspapers and the Net: Where’s the Business Model, People?, part of a week long forum on the future of the newspaper and whether we care if it dims. I made a few small revisions.

In The Great Unbundling Nick Carr states the problems facing newspapers clearly and well. He has a good grasp of what the Web is doing to the economics of news and advertising, and this is why he’s able to be clear. I liked his ending:

“How do we create high quality content in a world where advertisers want to pay by the click, and consumers don’t want to pay at all?” The answer may turn out to be equally simple: We don’t.

I think he’s right. It’s possible we will lose some of the public goods that newspapers under the old subsidy system were able to bring forward. People ask me about this all the time. When I tell them there’s no answer at the moment a strange look comes across their faces. A social problem with no answer? Is that even allowed?

Of course the historically accurate fact that there’s no answer makes it an exciting moment in news. The fact that we could lose something makes it somewhat urgent.

It’s remarkable to me how many accomplished producers of those goods, the future production of which is in doubt, are still at the stage of asking other people, “How are we going to pay our reporters if you guys don’t want to pay for our news?” Recently I heard one such person say, “Society should be worried about this!”

At many a conference I have attended on new media and journalism, some old pro whose subsidy is fast disappearing will (mentally) place hands on hips and say about the Internet as a whole, “Well, that’s all very nice, very Web 2.0, but where’s the business model, people?” As if that were some kind of contribution. I can’t tell you how disconcerting–and weird–I find some of these performances.

Private news collection

It’s worth going back to the first business model in reportage: the merchants, traders, and other “men of affairs” in early modern Europe who employed letter-writers in cities where the man of affairs did not happen to be located. These letters—the most famous example is the Fugger Letters from the latter 16th century—conveyed much the same news that a trader would want today: prices, conditions for trade and transport, what the local authorities were up to, rumors of war, court news and gossip, natural disasters, and anything the people were seriously buzzed about.

Quality was important, accuracy essential, an ability to interpret and amuse definitely part of the deal. Everything a pro journalist would want an employer to demand, except for one thing. The letters were not intended for public distribution. There was no public then, and “public opinion” was not a phrase in common political use. The news was valuable, at that early data point, because it was current, reliable, relevant to decision-making and because it did not circulate widely– to competitors, for example. The Fugger Letters were a private system of newsgathering within the wealthy House of Fugger. They were hand-written.

This business lives on today in the extremely expensive specialty newsletters that only big firms and rich people can afford. If you make your money in the oil industry you need good information from around the globe and will pay a lot for it. In that (very limited) sense there will always be quality news and paid professionals needed to collect, write, and package it with wit and alacrity. Traders and emperors, ministers and spies will arrange for their news systems.

The question is whether the public at large will be informed by paid correspondents trying to figure out what’s going on and tell the voters about it. What a notion: the public at large! In between the Fugger Letters and the Times of London (1785) a new idea came into the world: public opinion. Now we are at another data point. We don’t know how the general public that is supposed to have informed opinions will in the future try to inform itself. What we do know is that rich and powerful people will always find the means.

New economies of news

New ventures like ProPublica are aimed directly at this problem. It proposes to transfer the subsidy from ads in newspapers to wealthy individuals and foundation donors who don’t want to see investigative journalism die. ProPublica would use the prestige press as a distribution channel, rather than create a new one. It plans to give its work away to news organizations with reputations for quality, like the Times of New York or the Wall Street Journal. Why would they trust in something produced off site? Basically because Paul Steiger, former managing editor of the Wall Street Journal, is running the operation.

For what political reporting in national papers looks like after it’s unbundled from the newspaper and taken online, go see The Politico. The model there includes publishing a specialized daily newspaper only when Congress is in session, distributed for free on Capitol Hill, in order to capture a market in corporate and interest group advertising aimed at members of Congress and staffs. That’s a tiny sliver of the readership online, where regular links from the Drudge Report have led to huge traffic.

The Politico almost qualifies as reverse publishing: web to print. I think there is some promise in this method, though it is not a business model. The local newspaper becomes a photo-sharing site where everyone posts pictures of the Friday night high school football games. The best ones—ten photos from thousands posted—run in the paper the next day. Of course that’s a long way from funding the investigative team once subsidized by classified ads and department store displays. But there’s an idea there that may have legs: intelligently filter the flood of cheap production online, assemble the best parts, package it for sale or distribution in print. (A few other coordinates in the search for the new model.)

Inefficiencies in advertising

In some ways the picture may be worse than Carr portrays it, or at least more disruptive. In the view of Doc Searls—a student of the web—it’s not only that the advertising market is shifting radically and disrupting the subsidy for news. Advertising itself is under pressure from the Internet:

While rivers of advertising money flow away from old media and toward new ones, both the old and the new media crowds continue to assume that advertising money will flow forever. This is a mistake. Advertising remains an extremely inefficient and wasteful way for sellers to find buyers. I’m not saying advertising isn’t effective, by the way; just that massive inefficiency and waste have always been involved, and that this fact constitutes a problem we’ve long been waiting to solve, whether we know it or not.

Advertisers aren’t in business to advertise; they do it to reach customers making a buying decision. If there were some other way of reaching that person, some other way for buyers and sellers to communicate, advertising would become more and more superfluous. He’s not saying we are there yet. “Just don’t expect advertising to fund the new institutions in the way it funded the old.”

Which makes the search for alternatives even more urgent. We need to try all routes: for-profit and non-profit; amateur, pro and pro-am; market-driven, subsidized.

One weakness of the old subsidy system was that it hid the true cost of serious journalism from the people who benefit. Instead of finding new ways to hide the cost, a wiser course might be to increase the number of people who understand that serious reporting is a public good, who have a grasp of the economics. In other words, public opinion might have to come to the rescue.

Scott Rosenberg, a journalist and blogger who writes about the digital age, thinks that one of the benefits of the current crisis will be to destroy the imaginary wall between business and editorial.

I’ve long thought that this beloved wall—for all its ethical value, when it worked—had an insidious side-effect of allowing journalists to pretend that they weren’t working for businesses at all. This innocence (or naivete) has left many of them ill-equipped to do more than rend their garments as their industry undergoes slow-motion collapse.

So true. But should society be worried about this?

* * *

After Matter: Notes, reactions & links…

On April 26, The Capital Times of Madison, WI, will abandon the daily newspaper form and become a breaking news website and a weekly news and opinion magazine. See Marc Eisen in the Isthmus, Madison’s weekly paper: End of an Era.

Good luck, Cap Times. You’ll need it. Converting from a six-day-a-week paid paper to an online news site is like jumping from a very high cliff into a very deep and mysterious pool.

The paper might be killed. Or it might be transformed.

One thing’s for sure: The Capital Times that Madison has known for 90 years will be gone. Online publishing is a fundamentally different proposition for both journalists and readers.

The Cap Times has started a blog where you can keep track of the transformation. Here’s earlier coverage of the decision to drop the daily print edition.

Now this is interesting: Old Journalists, New Plan: “In Saint Louis, distinguished Post-Dispatch vets start their own Web site.” It’s the St. Louis Platform, with investment and inspiration from the Pulitzer family. This is the part that intrigued me:

But rent’s not an issue—the Platform’s been given offices at the local public TV station, KETC, whose CEO, Jack Galmiche, says: “We’re creating a new model between a public television station and an online daily news source.” Adds Freivogel: “We’ll go down the road of doing things together and seeing where it leads.” Staffers will appear on camera, bringing the site to the attention of the public—at least the sliver of the public that watches public television.

Read the rest.

The best moments of the Britannica forum are in Clay Shirky’s What Newspapers and Journalism Need Now: Experimentation, Not Nostalgia. (Include the comments.) “It’s time to get on with the essential task of trying everything we can think of to create effective new models of reporting, ones that take the existing capabilities of the Internet for granted,” Shirky writes. In this connection he mentions OffTheBus. Case in point: its role in the Superdelegate Transparency Project, as explained by Ari Melber of the Nation.

PressThink pal and founder Lisa Williams: Journalism Will Survive the Death of Its Institutions. As she says, “tech” did.

See also my post at Idea Lab: Press Can Survive Newspaper’s Demise.

What was revolutionary about public opinion in the first place: not the inside players but the general public needed to know how things worked, and, for example, who said what in Parliament. Public opinion could not be avoided; therefore it had to be informed. Don’t think that notion can’t be uninvented or beaten back. It can.

Eric Alterman in The New Yorker, Out of Print: The death and life of the American newspaper. It has this about the Huffington Post, courtesy of its 31 year-old tech guy Jonah Peretti.

The Huffington Post’s editorial processes are based on what Peretti has named the “mullet strategy.” (“Business up front, party in the back” is how his trend-spotting site BuzzFeed glosses it.) “User-generated content is all the rage, but most of it totally sucks,” Peretti says. The mullet strategy invites users to “argue and vent on the secondary pages, but professional editors keep the front page looking sharp. The mullet strategy is here to stay, because the best way for Web companies to increase traffic is to let users have control, but the best way to sell advertising is a slick, pretty front page where corporate sponsors can admire their brands.”

Newspaper guy and new media intelligence Daniel Conover in the comments:

…What’s likely is that, at the nadir of layoffs and shutdowns, relatively small pools of money and interest will reorganize different types of media around different types of business models: Intelligence briefings, community outfits, local news bureaus (feeding to multiple sites, channels and pubs), community cooperatives, non-profits funded by donations, large-scale cooperatives between former competitors in multiple formats (magazines, news channels and wire services sharing all sorts of resources).

Competition will be everywhere. But wasteful competition (sinking ego money into poorly run bureaus to claim coverage that’s only marginally better than wire service coverage) is going away. Fail fast, fail cheap.

Definitely worth your time: Jeff Jarvis, The press becomes the press-sphere:

“One problem I’ve had with much discussion about the future of news lately is that it’s too press-centric,” writes Jarvis. “It focuses on the press as if it were at the center of the world, as if it owned news, as if news depended on it, as if solving the press’ problems solves news. That’s not the ecosystem of news now…. So pardon my simplistic drawings, but here’s an attempt to begin to illustrate that new ecosystem of news and media….” With diagrams!

Also see Jarvis again: Newspapers in 2020. “What will newspapers look like in 2020? Well, what’s a newspaper?”

Chris O’Brien of the San Jose Mercury News: Where’s the Innovation in Business Models?

Mark Potts at Recovering Journalist (July 14, 2008):

Editors who came up through the business thinking that the newspaper was the primary source of news and information are dinosaurs. Publishers used to dominating local ad markets with virtually no competition are fossils. But many of them are still in place, unfortunately, and moving as slowly and stupidly as ever, even as the environment they’re operating in is changing rapidly and radically. The traditional newspaper formula has been patently unworkable for years, but too many newspaper leaders don’t understand that. It’s time for them to go.

Voice of America blog: Hey, maybe government-funded news organizations like the VOA will “provide [the] serious news that people ought to know.”

VOA, as we have said here before, is unique in that it has a legal Charter obliging it to present accurate, objective and comprehensive news. In fact, we often tell visitors who come to our offices in Washington that we believe VOA is one of the few remaining practitioners of what one might call “pure journalism” in a media world that is increasingly characterized by commentary, attitude, argument, gossip and celebrity.


PressThink, March 2005: Laying the Newspaper Gently Down to Die. “The big decision today is to go back and fix that error from the mid-90s, to junk ‘re-purposing of content’ as an organizing idea, and organize Web efforts around a new purpose, a new idea. The organizations that want to live will do that. Those that don’t will harvest their profits and give out.”

Posted by Jay Rosen at April 22, 2008 12:04 AM   Print


Perhaps if democracy wants informed voters it should provide incentives for voters to acquire public policy information.

Public opinion doesn't seem to be heading there though.

Posted by: Adrian Monck at April 22, 2008 2:59 AM | Permalink

I think the not-for-profit model can work and, in fact, already does. I work for an NPO, and we provide lots of information solicited from other NPOs related to our field, academics who must publish or perish, private practitioners who want to make a name for themselves and drive traffic to their websites, etc etc. Membership dues, advertising (yes, and I don't believe it will go away, just demand different things of publishers), sponsorship dollars, and grants fund these informational efforts. As you say, specialists will always find a way to get the news they need. They just don't have to be rich, as you suppose they do.

While the NPO sector has suffered in recent years from falling membership, our research indicates that could turn around when the teens and young adults reach what I'd call the age of decision. They seem more publicly engaged and interested, and we believe NPOs will have a resurgence. They won't get news the old-fashioned way, but they likely will contribute to online efforts about which they feel passionately. What has been wrong with the online newspapers is that they don't sell for the 50 cents the print version does. They need to lower their price point and make it easy to pay for (PayPal would be a good start).

As for the church/state separation dumbing down journalists and their attitude toward business, I think that is true of some but not of many. The whole Darts and Laurels system of CJR is designed to show primarily where the separation is blurred. I think that is the wrong way to approach the perception of credibility. Journalists need to do an unimpeachable job of reporting the news. Everything else that would appear to be a conflict, like having an advertiser contribute to a business story then needs to be viewed with an eye toward accuracy and then provided with a disclaimer like "advertorial" or a full disclosure of the newspaper's relationship with the advertiser. Transparency is the issue, not whether advertisers contribute to content. In my former NPO, we'd have been dead in the water if we didn't have consultants selling their services providing content. Our audience never seemed to have a problem with it. These guys really did know what they were talking about - they were experts in a way that a generalist reporter could never be.

Posted by: Ferdy at April 22, 2008 9:50 AM | Permalink

Adrian, what you said makes no sense.

We have more information providing and disseminating tools at our disposal now then in the history of the entire human race - and the past 20 years have not seen us more informed.

Jay, that discussion at Britannica blog was the best I've seen in a long while. Great to see the back and forth there.

Posted by: Karl at April 22, 2008 9:51 AM | Permalink

The sales of the New York Times has gone down again this year. As more people are turning to the internet to get their news, the newspapers will continue to feel the pinch. I think it's mostly older folks who continue "to cling" to newspapers. People under 30 are probably more likely to read the news on Yahoo or Google, etc. The solution might be for journalists to pool together and charge people over the internet to have access to their stories. Perhaps the Associated Press could do that.

It's the same thing as charging people to pick up a newspaper.


Posted by: political forum at April 22, 2008 10:00 AM | Permalink

There is no shortage of business models that could pay for a professional component to the 21st century press.

The problem? There's nothing out there that will insure publishers 20 percent profit margins again. That era has ended, but try telling that to shareholders and top management.

In other words, there's an unavoidable trauma ahead: Most of the journalism infrastructure (veteran journalists, institutional memory, brand, facilities, support staff, etc.) still belongs to companies that are not interested in pursuing ventures that might return 5 to 8 percent profit. Consequently, much of the funded research on "the future of journalism" is wasted, because it's really about helping the legacy media make it across the event horizon. Which just isn't going to happen the way they like to fantasize.

Meanwhile, the tools exist, and the interest exists, for a potential golden age of communication. And what's likely is that, at the nadir of layoffs and shutdowns, relatively small pools of money and interest will reorganize different types of media around different types of business models: Intelligence briefings, community outfits, local news bureaus (feeding to multiple sites, channels and pubs), community cooperatives, non-profits funded by donations, large-scale cooperatives between former competitors in multiple formats (magazines, news channels and wire services sharing all sorts of resources).

Competition will be everywhere. But wasteful competition (sinking ego money into poorly run bureaus to claim coverage that's only marginally better than wire service coverage) is going away. Fail fast, fail cheap.

Will all the brands go away? Of course not. Will some papers survive? Sure. Kinda.

But enough about survival of the companies. What we're really looking for is sustainable economies for useful journalism. I suspect we're going to need a few more connective tools (based on things like discovery informatics and ubiquitous computing) before we'll be able to see that future clearly.

But bottom line? Most of us are looking at a roll-your-own future for the next decade. And it may be wide open, without a single dominant model, for some time. Maybe forever.

Posted by: Daniel [TypeKey Profile Page] at April 22, 2008 1:37 PM | Permalink


Perhaps this makes it clearer: there's a difference between information being available to voters and their actually acquiring it.

Posted by: Adrian Monck at April 22, 2008 5:55 PM | Permalink

It does.

So its time to ask why we aren't acquiring that information when it is readily available within a few clicks of the mouse.

People are less informed today about what is going on around them - in an information rich society. Where information is cheap and in most cases, free to transmit.

Posted by: Karl at April 23, 2008 2:45 PM | Permalink

The barrier to their acquiring it has become time and the overall economy of attention.

Journalism has more to do today with the ergonomics of information, to address Adrian's point.

Posted by: Jay Rosen at April 23, 2008 7:13 PM | Permalink

I'm going to assert that the so-called "objectivity" of the press is inherently linked to the subsidy. As the subsidy disappears, the "objective press" is dying (ergo, it's not the bloggers, Rupert Murdoch,or 24-hour cable news that's killing it).

Here's what I expect the future to hold:

News with Clues - Organizations with in-house expertise or data (Universities, foundations, government agencies, NGO's, think tanks, even some private companies) go direct. Today, these folks serve as sources and supply raw materials for the press. In the future, they will have to learn how to produce their own news or create alliances with others. The key feature for these folks is maintaining a reputation for quality.

News with Views - Political parties, labor unions, trade associations, and others who want to shape public discourse will move from trying to influence the press to creating their own press operations. This has already started on the web.

News with Dues - Unlike the groups above, these groups will form specifically to support a news organization and the members will be active participants, not so much as content creators, but as sources and analysts. The small professional staff will aggregate and filter news from other sources, provide original reporting, and create editorial content. The key feature for these groups is to figure out to reward members when the product will be freely available.

Posted by: William Ockham [TypeKey Profile Page] at April 23, 2008 9:57 PM | Permalink

From the Intro